Problems derivation and functionality enhancement of a double girder overhead crane for billet transmission: case study

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Payame Noor University (PNU), P.O. Box. 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran

2 Engineering, research and technology unit, South Kaveh Steel (SKS) Company, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Mechanical Engineering Department University of Payam Noor, 4697-19395, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Double girder cranes are mostlyture or some specific parts of this crane go under Double girder cranes are mostly used for heavy loads. The steel structure or some specific parts of this crane go under extra load during the crane operation. The crane condition depends on many variables that change over time randomly. The current standards of Europe have not solved the effects of the forces on the fatigue damage. In this paper, reasons for the skewing of the crane from the main path, and wear of the wheels and rails of it, and the effect of the lateral and thermal forces on the double girder crane are presented. Experimental measurements and computer simulations are used for the analysis. The existence of symmetry in the crane design and operation period is very important. The carriage location influences the amount of force. The results show that for preventing movement difficulties in the rail and crane, it is recommended to cover the structure with the heat shield and insulation materials, especially those parts in exposure to the hot billet. Creating the expansion gap in rails of the crane needs to be obeyed according to the standards. Also, using the rail guide is very good to reduce the skewing of the crane. Furthermore, heat treatment and hardening of the  used for heavy loads. The steel strucwheels must be completely obeyed. 

Keywords

Main Subjects


 [1] Kulka J, et al, Failure analysis of increased rail wear of 200 tons foundry crane track, Engineering Failure Analysis. 2016; 1(67): 1-4.
[2] Kulka J, et al, Analysis of crane track degradation due to operation, Engineering failure analysis. 2016; 1(59): 384-95.
[3] Alkin C, Imrak C.E, and Kocabas H, Solid modeling and finite element analysis of an overhead crane bridge, Acta Polytechnica. 2005; 45(3).
[4] Chwastek S, Optimization of crane mechanisms to reduce vibration, Automation in Construction. 2020; 119: 103-335.
[5] Jiang W, Ding L, and Zhou C, Digital twin: Stability analysis for tower crane hoisting safety with a scale model, Automation in Construction. 2022; 138 : 104-257.
[6] El-Tourkey M, et al, An integrated decision support system for mobile crane selection, Expert Systems with Applications. 2022; 189 : 116053.
[7] Zhao Y, A crane trolley structure design and finite element analysis, In International Conference on Mechanical Design and Simulation (MDS 2022). 2022; 12261: 772-778.
[8] Rettenmeier P, et al, Assessment of mixed mode crack propagation of crane runway girders subjected to cyclic loading, Engineering Fracture Mechanics. 2016; 153 : 11-24.
[9] Moustafa K.A, and Abou-El-yazid T.G, Load Sway Control of Overhead Cranes with Load Hoisting via Stability Analysis, JSME international journal. Ser. C, Dynamics, control, robotics, design and manufacturing. 1996; 39: 34–40.
[10] Oguamanam, D.C.D, Hansen J.S, and Heppler G.R, Dynamic response of an overhead crane system, Journal of sound and vibration. 1998; 213: 889-906.
[11] Design and calculation criteria for steel industrial buildings (Publication 325), Construction and Housing Research Center, Ministry of Housing and Urban Development of Iran, 2006 (in Persian).
[12] European Committee for Standardization, EN 1993- 6: Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 6: Crane supporting structures, 2007 .
 [13] Boysen N, Fliedner M, and Kellner M, Determining fixed crane areas in rail–rail transshipment yards, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review. 2010; 46: 1005-1016.
[14] Domazet Ž, Lukša F, and Bugarin M, Failure of two overhead crane shafts, Engineering Failure Analysis. 2014; 44: 125-135.
[15] Rusiński E, et al, Failure analysis of an overhead traveling crane lifting system operating in a turbogenerator hall, Engineering Failure Analysis. 2013; 31: 90-100.
[16] Faltinová E, and Kopas M, Assessment of crane rail fatigue life in a particular metallurgical plant, Zdvíhací zaĜízení v teorii a praxi. 2012; 1: 25-30.
[17] Qi K, et al, Safety assessment and fatigue life analysis of aged crane structures, In Proceedings of the13th International Conference on Fracture, Beijing, China. 2013; 1: 1-5.
[18] Mitrovic N, et al, Practical implementation of multi-motor drives for wide span gantry cranes, Iranian Journal of Science and Technology Transaction B- Engineering. 2010; p. 649-654.
[19] Mirsadeghi S.J, analysis and design of railway ballast lines, University of Science and Technology, 2017 (in Persian).
[20] Ngo Q.H, and Hong K.S, Skew control of a quay container crane, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. 2009; 23: 3332-3339.
[21] Jeong B.J, and Kim K.H, Scheduling operations of a rail crane and container deliveries between rail and port terminals, Engineering Optimization. 2011; 43: 597-613.
[22] Liu Y, ZHU X, and ZHU S, Allocation optimization model of the rail-mounted gantry crane in railway area by rail-water intermodal container transport, Journal of Wuhan University of Technology. 2014; 38: 1135-1139.
[23] Wang L, Zhu X, and Xie Z, Rail Mounted Gantry Crane Scheduling In Rail–Truck Transshipment Terminal, Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing. 2016; 22: 61-73.
[24] Zelić A, Zuber N, and Šostakov R, Experimental determination of lateral forces caused by bridge crane skewing during travelling, Eksploatacja i Niezawodność. 2018; 20(1).
[25] Rettenmeier P, and Roos E, Fatigue assessment of full-scale welded crane runway girders, Materials Testing. 2015; 57: 110-118.
[26] Tanasković D, et al, Repair welding of crane wheels in Steelworks Smederevo, In Advanced Materials Research, Trans Tech Publications. 2016; 1138: 180-185.