Guide for Authors

Guide for Preparation of Manuscript

International Journal of Iron & Steel Society of Iran (IJISSI) is published semiannually by Iron and Steel Society of Iran (ISSI) with collaboration of Isfahan University of Technology (IUT). Original contributions are invited from worldwide ISSI members and non-members.

Articles should be prepared and sent under one of the following headings:

1- Ironmaking, 2- Steelmaking, 3- Casting and freezing, 4- Principles, theory, mechanisms and kinetics of high temperature processes, 5- Physical and chemical analyzes of steel, 6- Forming processes and thermomechanical operations of steels, 7- Welding and joining Steels 8- Surface treatment and corrosion of steels, 9- Change of states and microscopic structures of steel, 10- Mechanical properties of steel, 11- Physical properties of steel, 12- New materials and processes in the steel industry, 13- Energy saving in the steel industry, 14 - Steel economy, 15- Environmental engineering of steel industries and social communication, 16- Consumable refractories in steel industries, 17- Steel alloys and their application.


1. Submission of manuscript: This instruction gives you guidelines for preparing papers for IJISSI. Manuscripts should not be submitted if they have already been published or accepted for publication elsewhere. The full text of the paper including text, references, list of captions, tables, and figures should be submitted online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts source files to a single PDF file of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF files at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail removing the need for a paper trail.


2. Category

a) Research paper (maximum of ten printed pages): An original article that presents a significant extension of knowledge or understanding and is written in such a way that qualified workers can replicate the key elements on the basis of the information given. 

b) Review: An article of an extensive survey on one particular subject, in which information already published is compiled, analyzed and discussed. Reviews are normally published by invitation. Proposals of suitable subjects by prospective authors are welcome.

c) Research note: (maximum of three printed pages): (a) An article on a new finding or interesting aspect of an ongoing study which merits prompt preliminary publication in condensed form, a medium for the presentation of (b) disclosure of new research and techniques, (c) topics, opinions or proposals of interest to the readers and (d) criticisms or additional proofs and interpretations in connection with articles previously published in the society journals.

d) Technical Note

e) Short Communication

3. Language: Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English so that they are intelligible to the professional reader who is not a specialist in any particular field. Manuscripts that do not conform to these requirements and the following manuscript format may be returned to the author prior to review for correction. The full form of any abbreviation or acronym should be given in the text when the term is first used.

4. Units: Use of SI units is mandatory. Journal style is to use the form S m-1, A m-2, W m-1 K-1, not S/m, A/m2, W/m.K.

5. Style of manuscript: It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. The manuscripts should be submitted in double-spaced typing, 12 points Times New Roman font, on consecutively numbered A4 pages of uniform size with 3.0 cm margin on the left and 2.0 cm margins on top, bottom and right. The manuscript must be presented in the order: (1) title page, (2) abstract and key words, (3) text, (4) references, (5) appendices, and (6) list of captions, each of which should start on a new page. All papers should be limited to 20 pages.

Essential title page information

Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations: Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.


Present/permanent address: If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Abstract: An abstract must state briefly and clearly the main object, scope and findings of the work within 250 words. Be sure to define all symbols used in the abstract, and do not cite references in this section.

Keywords: Between three and six keywords should be provided below the Abstract to assist with indexing of the article. These should not duplicate key words from the title.



Subdivision-numbered sections: Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to "the text". Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


Introduction: This section should include sufficient background information to set the work in context. The aims of the manuscript should be clearly stated. The introduction should not contain either findings or conclusions.


Materials and methods: This should be concise but provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be repeated by others.



Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and referred as, for example, 'Table 1'. Tables must not appear in the text but should be prepared on separate sheets. They must have captions and simple column headings. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Captions should be 10 pt, and centered. Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text.


Figures: All graphs, charts, drawings, diagrams, and photographs are to be referred to as Figures and should be numbered consecutively in the order that they are cited in the text. Figures should be cited in a single sequence throughout the text as 'Fig. 1', 'Fig. 2', …. Figures must be photographically reproducible. Figure captions must be collected on a separate sheet. Figures are normally reduced in a single column of 84 mm width. All lettering should be legible when reduced to this size.

i) Photographs should be supplied as glossy prints and pasted firmly on a hard sheet. When several photographs are to make up one presentation, they should be arranged without leaving margins in between and separately identified as (a), (b), (c)... Magnification must be indicated by means of an inscribed scale.

ii) Line drawings must be drafted with black ink on white drawing paper. High-quality glossy prints are acceptable.

iii) Color printing can be arranged, if the reviewers judge it necessary for proper presentation. Authors or their institutions must bear the costs.

iv) Axis labels should be of the form: Stress (MPa), Velocity (m s-1).

v) Each figure must be supplied in digital form as a separate, clearly named file. Acceptable file formats are TIFF and JPEG. Images should be saved at a resolution of at least 600 dpi at final size (dpi=dots or pixels per inch; 600 dpi=240 dots per centimeter). Do not save at the default resolution (72 dpi). Crop any unwanted white space from around the figure before sizing.


Equations: Equations are numbered consecutively, with equation numbers in parentheses flush right. First use the equation editor to create the equation. Be sure that the symbols in your equation are defined before the equation appears, or immediately following. Refer to “Eq. (1),” not “(1)”. If what is represented is really more than one equation, the abbreviation “Eqs.” can be used.


Results and discussions: Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The results should contain material appropriate to the discussion.


Conclusions: Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, it must not replicate the abstract. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extensions. Do not cite references in the conclusion as all points should have been made in the body of the paper. Note that the conclusion section is the last section of the paper to be numbered. The appendix (if present), acknowledgment (if present), and references are listed without numbers.

Acknowledgements: The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. Financial and technical assistance may be acknowledged here.



Reference style

Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.

Example: '.... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'

List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.


[1] Author name(s), Article title, Journal title. Journal volume (Year) Pages.

[1] Etemad A, Dini G, Schwarz S. Accumulative roll bonding (ARB)-processed high-manganese twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) steel with extraordinary strength and reasonable ductility. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 2019;742:27–32.

Author name(s): Etemad A, Dini G, Schwarz S.

Article title: Accumulative roll bonding (ARB)-processed high-manganese twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) steel with extraordinary strength and reasonable ductility

Journal title: Materials Science and Engineering: A

Journal volume: 742

Year: 2019

Pages: 27-32

Reference to a journal publication:

[1] Aygün B. High alloyed new stainless steel shielding material for gamma and fast neutron radiation. Nuclear Engineering and Technology. 2020 Mar;52(3):647–53.

Author name: Aygün B.

Article title: High alloyed new stainless steel shielding material for gamma and fast neutron radiation

Journal title: Nuclear Engineering and Technology

Journal volume: 52

Journal issue: 3

Year: 2020

Pages: 647–653


Reference to a book:

[3] Mandal SK. Steel Metallurgy. McGraw Hill Professional; 2015.

Reference to a website:

[5]  June 2023 crude steel production [Internet]. worldsteel. 2023 [cited 2023 Aug 27]. Available from:

You can also use this website for citations:

If you enter the doi number or article information on this website, your reference will be prepared automatically.

6. Reviewing: Every manuscript receives reviewing according to established criteria.

7. Revision of manuscript: In case when the original manuscript is returned to the author for revision, the revised manuscript together with a letter explaining the changes made, must be resubmitted within three months.

8. Proofs: The corresponding author will receive the galley proofs of the paper. No new material may be inserted into the proofs. It is essential that the author returns the proofs before a specified deadline to avoid rescheduling of publication in some later issue.

9. Copyright: The submission of a paper implies that, if accepted for publication, copyright is transferred to the Iron and Steel Society of Iran. The society will not refuse any reasonable request for permission to reproduce a part of the journal.

10. Reprint: No page charge is made. Reprints can be obtained at reasonable prices.

Conflict of Interest