Evaluation of the production of DRI in the world and Iran in 2021

Document Type : Research note


1 عضو هیئت مدیره انجمن آهن و فولاد ایران

2 دانشکده مواد و معدن، دانشگاه یزد، یزد ، ایران



DRI is one of the charging materials of steel furnaces and its production is increasing in the world and in Iran. India and Iran are the main producers of DRI in the world. The production process of DRI based on natural gas forms the main pillars of green steel production. In this method, 2/3 of iron ore is reduced with hydrogen gas and the remaining 1/3 with CO gas. Hot charging (HDRI) of DRI in EAFs brings many advantages, including increased productivity, reduced energy, refractories, graphite electrode consumption. Last year, 119.16 million tons of DRI were produced worldwide, of which 13.72 million tons were charged as the HDRI charge in EAFs. The Mobarakeh Steel Company Group of Iran is the largest producer of DRI (with 9 million tons) among the world's steel companies. It is expected that in the next 2-3 years, Iran will overtake India and become the first producer of DRI in the world.


Main Subjects

[1] World Steel Recycling in Figures 2017 – 2021.
[2] Direct from Midrex, 2nd Quarter 2022.
[3] 2021 World Direct Reduction Statistics.
[4] Iranian Mines& Mining Industries Development &
Renovation Organization.
[5] Direct from Midrex, 1st Quarter 2022.
[6] Direct from Midrex, 3rdQuarter 2022.
[7] FooladTechnic International Engineering Company
Report 1400.
[8] Stahlschrott-Außenhandel Statistischer Bericht 2022.
[9] Ministry of steel of India Report 2021-2022.
[10] Metalinvest company annual report 2021.
[11] M.H. Joulazadeh, A. Etemad, Evaluation of world
and Iranian sponge iron production in 2020, International
Journal of Iron & Steel Society of Iran,18(2021), 13-22.
doi: 10.22034/ijissi.2022.543741.1217.
[12] ISPA (Iranian Steel Producer Association).