Oxidation Behavior of AISI 430 Ferritic Stainless Steel Coated with Ni-Co-TiO2

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Jomhoori Eslami Blvd., Kerman, Iran.

3 Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran


Ferritic stainless steels are used in high- temperature applications like solid oxide fuel cells. Application of steels in these conditions will expose them to severe thermal cycles. Therefore, it is essential to protect them at high temperatures. One of the most effective methods for increasing the life of these components against oxidation is the application of composite and ceramic coatings. In the present study, Ni-Co-TiO2 composite coating was deposited on AISI 430 steel substrate by electroplating to investigate the oxidation behavior at operating conditions of solid oxide fuel cells. To observe the morphology, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and to determine the phases, X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used. For investigating the oxidation behavior of steel isothermal and cyclic oxidation tests were performed at 800 °C on the samples. Results showed that in isothermal and cyclic oxidation tests, due to the formation of Ni-Co spinels, coated samples showed less weight gain than uncoated samples. Spinel prevented outward Cr diffusion which improved the oxidation resistance of AISI 430 steel.


  1. [1] K. Huang, P.Y. Hou and J.B. Goodenough: Ionics.,

    129 (2000), 237.

    [2] S.P.S. Badwal, R. Deller, K. Foger, Y. Ramprakash

    and J.P. Zhang: Ionics., 99(1991), 297.

    [3] M.C. Tucker, H. Korokawa, C.P. Jacobson, L.C. De -

    Jonghe and S.J. Visco: J. Power Sources., 160 (2006),


    [4] S.P. Jiang, J.G. Love and L. Apateanu: Ionics., 160

    (2003), 15.

    [5] Y. Matsuzaki and I. Yasuda: Ionics., 132 (2000), 271.

    [6] X. Chen, P.Y. Hou, C.P. Jacobson, S.J. Visko and L.C.

    De Jonghe: Ionics., 176(2005), 425.

    [7] Z. Yang, G. Xia, S.P. Simner and J.W. Stevenson: J.

    The Electrochemical. Soc., 152(2005), 1896.

    [8] Z. Yang, G. Xia, X. Li and J.W. Stevenson: J. Hydro-

    gen Energy., 32(2007), 3648.

    [9] Z. Yang, G. Xia and J.W. Stevenson: Electrochemical

    and Letters., 8 (2005), A168.

    [10] W. Wei, W. Chen and D.G. Ivey: Chemistry. Mater.,

    19(2007), 2816.

    [11] M.R. Bateni, P. Wei, X. Deng and A. Petric: Surf.

    Coat. Tech., 201(2007), 4677.

    [12] P. Wei, X. Deng, M.R. Bateni and A. Petric: Corros.,

    63(2007), 529.

    [13] H. Ebrahimifar and M. Zandrahimi: Oxid. Met., 84

    (2015), 329.

    [14] H. Ebrahimifar and M. Zandrahimi: Oxid. Met., 84

    (2015), 129.

    [15] E. Khoran, M. Zandrahimi, H. Ebrahimifar, Oxid.

    Met., 91 (2019), 177.

    [16] S. Spanou, AI. Kontos, A.Siokou, AG. Kontos, N.

    Vaenas, P. Falaras and EA. Pavlatou: Electrochimica.

    Acta., 105(2013) 324.

    [17] D. Thiemig and A. Bund: Surf. Coat. Tech.,

    202(2008), 2976.

    [18] H. Gül, F. Kılıc ̧ S. Aslan, A. Alp and H. Akbulut:

    Wear., 267(2009), 976.

    [19] Y. Sun, IF. Kabulska and J. Flis: Mater. Chemistry

    and Physics., 145(2014) 476.

    [20] M. Alizadeh, M. Mirak, E. Salahinejad, M. Ghaf -

    fari, R. Amini and A. Roosta: J. Alloys and Compounds.,

    611(2014), 161.

    [21] Y. Yang and YF. Cheng: Electrochimica. Acta.,

    109(2013), 638.

    [22] P. Wang, YL. Cheng and Z. Zhang: J. Coat. Tech.,

    8(2011), 409.

    [23] H. K. Lee, HY. Lee and JM. Jeon: Surf. Coat. Tech.,

    201(2007), 4711.

    [24] M. H. Fini and A. Amadeh: Transactions of the Non-

    ferrous. Met .Soc., 23(2013), 2914.

    [25] H. J. Zhang, YB. Zhou and JF. Sun: Transactions of

    the Nonferrous Metals. Soc., 23(2013) , 2011.

    [26] IU. Haq and TI. Khan: Surf. Coat. Tech., 205(2011),


    [27] G. Gyawali, SH. Cho and SW. Lee: Mater. Int.,

    19(2013), 113.

    [28] S. Geng, S. Qi, Q. Zhao, S. Zhu and F. Wang: Inter-

    national. J. Hydrogen Energy., 37(2012), 10850.

    [29] IU. Haq, K. Akhtar, Ti. Khan and AA. Shah: Surf.

    Coat. Tech., 235(2013), 691.

    [30] L. Ma, KC. Zhou, ZY. Li and QP. Wei: J. Central

    South University of Tech., 17(2011), 708.

    [31] S. Geng, Y. Li, ZH. Ma, L. Wang, L. Li and F. Wang:

    1. Power Sources., 195(2010) , 3256.

    [32] S. Geng, S.Qi, D. Xiang, S. Zhu and F. Wang: J.

    Power Sources., 215(2012), 274.

    [33] H. Ebrahimifar and M. Zandrahimi: Surf. Coat.

    Tech., 206(2011), 75.

    [34] B. Nikrooz, M. Zandrahimi and H. Ebrahimifar: J.

    Sol Gel. Sci. Tech., 63(2012), 286.

    [35] H. Ebrahimifar and M. zandrahimi: Oxid. met.,

    75(2010), 125.

    [36] P. Jian, L. Jian, H. Bing and G. Xie: J. Power Sourc-

    es., 158(2006), 354.

    [37] SK. Mitra, SK. Roy and SK. Bose: Oxid. Met.,

    34(1990), 101.

    [38] SK. Mitra, SK. Roy and SK. Bose: Oxid. Met.,

    39(1993), 221.

    [39] X. Deng, P. Wei, MR. Bateni and A. Petric: J. Power

    Sources., 160(2006), 1225.

    [40] F. Kılıç, H. Gül, S. Aslan, A. Alp and H. Akbu-

    lut: Colloids and Surf. A. Physicochemical and Eng.,

    419(2013), 53.

    [41] M. Stanislowski, J. Froitzheim, L. Niewolak, WJ.

    Quadakkers, K. Hilpert, T. Markus and L. Singheiser: J.

    Power Sources., 164(2007), 578.

    [42] J. Zurek, E. Wessel, L. Niewolak, F. Schmitz, TU.

    Kern, L. Singheiser and W.J. Quadakkers: Corros. Sci.,

    46(2004), 2301.