Effect of Deformation Temperature on the Mechanical Behavior of a New TRIP/TWIP Steel Containing 21% Manganese

Document Type: Research Paper


School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


In recent years, TRIP/TWIP steels have been the focus of great attention thanks due to their excellent tensile strength-ductility combination. The compression tests were performed at different temperatures from 25 to1000°C to study the mechanical behavior of advanced austenitic steel with 21% manganese plus bearing Ti. The results indicated that the plastic deformation is controlled by deformation-induced martensite and mechanical twinning from 25 to 100°C. However, at temperatures 200 to 1000°C the deformation twinning was merely observed. The occurrence of mechanical twinning at such high temperatures is a first-time observation in high manganese austenitic steels. Such mechanical twins led to grain refinement via grain partitioning.


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