A Study of the Chemical Composition and Heat Treatment of Electroless Ni-B-Tl Alloy Coating on AISI 316 Stainless Steel

Document Type: Research Paper


Materials Engineering Faculty, Sahand University, Tabriz, Iran


Despite having some useful properties, stainless steels suffer from lack of suitable surface hardness. In this research electroless Ni-B-Tl coating was used with the aim to increase their surface hardness. The effects of Nickel chloride, Sodium borohydride, Thallium nitrate and Ethylendiamin on the chemical composition of coating were studied. To achieve an increase in hardness, the effects of heat treatment on the hardness of the deposited layer at various temperatures, were also studied. The results showed that the deposition rate and surface hardness of the deposited layer were affected by the variation in concentration of bath components. The micro structure of the electroless Ni-B-Tl coating consists of nickel and super saturated solid solutions. It was also found that the hardness of the coating was increased due to the formation of Ni2B and Ni3B phases during heat treatment.


[1] J. R. Davis; Alloy Digest Source Book: Stainless Steel; ASM International, (1994).

[2] ASM Handbook; Welding, Brazing and Soldering; ASM International; 6 (1993).

[3] J. R. Davis; Carbon and Alloy Steels; ASM International, (1996).

[4] E. Besharat; Metals Plating Engineering; Pub. Tartah; (2001).

[5] T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan and S. K. Seshadri; J. alloy and comp. 365 (2004), 197.

[6] F. Delaunois and P. Lienard; Surf. Coat. Tech., 160 (2002), 239.

[7] Nicholas M. Martyak, Kerry Drake; J. Alloy and Comp. 312 (2000), 30.

[8] T. S. N. Sankara Narayanan, K. Krishnaveni and S. K. Seshadri; Mater. Chem. Phy.  82 (2003), 771.

[9] Sh. Ziyuan, W. Deqing and D. Zhimin; App. Surf. Sci., 221 (2004), 62.

[10] C. T. Dervos, J. Novakovic and P. Vassiliou; J. Mater. Lett., 58 (2004), 619.

[11] F. Delaunios, J. P. Petitejean, P. Lienard and M. Jacob-Duliere; Surf. Coat. Tech.  124 (2000) 201.